Unusual city in the east of Slovakia, the frontier of modern Europe, but still at the gate . One of the oldest medieval European cities for centuries, crossroads and a hyphen between the west, east , south and north , the first city in Europe with armorial deed , for some time the capital of Czechoslovakia.
Košice inhabited European cultures for centuries, in particular, Slovaks, Hungarians, Jews, Czechs, Germans, Roma, with these nations and new residents left full influence, as reflected in the architecture, the development of the city, but especially in the particularities of Košice. A multicultural city with a beautiful and largest historical center in Slovakia, but does not try to live only in the past, Košice caught the European contemporary culture and art utilizes creative industries, as confirmed by the title of European Capital of Culture , which in 2013 received a number of cultural centers of international importance.
While this still green city is located on the river Hornád, with lots of parks, as well as the largest suburban forests in Central Europe, it is a town located in the valley between several mountains with great opportunities for sport and tourism.
Its history dates back to 1230th. It is mentioned under the name of Villa Cassa, originating from the Latin Cassovia, Kaschau German, Hungarian Kassa and the Slovak Košice.
In 1342 received the privileges of a free royal town. Košice was changed radically in the 20th century. Last day of 1918, it became part of Czechoslovakia, in 1938 for more than six years worked as a part of Hungary .
In April 1945, the gallery met for the first time on home soil - Czechoslovak government. Since the end of the 2nd World War II until the end of the 20th century, the population more than doubled. Most businesses in the gallery and one of the largest enterprises in Slovakia became "Východoslovenské Steelworks" (now U.S. Steel ) to Košice attracted to work for tens of thousands of people.
Almost all sights are in the historic center, which is the largest urban conservation in Slovakia. Its main part is the main street, pedestrian area full of cozy cafes, shops and restaurants in historic buildings. The dominant memory of this street must be the gothic St. Elizabeth cathedral.
Košice had long been a place of art and culture. Today it is possible to find in traditional theaters and classical music scene, but also new cultural spaces that fit into European trends of contemporary art. Košice received in 2013 the title of European Capital of Culture, which greatly helped in the building of new arts centers, creative industries and in particular cooperation with artists across Europe who visited Košice and create their projects here. The gallery also born and lived in quite a lot of artists who have Europe-wide importance. The town is home to the Faculty of Arts, 4 conservatories, High School of Art and Central Film School.